Essential equipment: Access kits




Purpose


An access kit allows the least traumatic (i.e. smallest) initial needle puncture of the target and provides a method to convert the 22G puncture to standard 0.035-inch guidewire access.




Description


A typical set comprises:




  • A one- or two-part 22G needle for the initial puncture



  • A short 0.018-inch guidewire with flexible tip and supportive shaft



  • An interlocked dilator system. This varies from kit to kit. Those for hepatic and renal work often come with a metal stiffening cannula in addition to a coaxial inner dilator with a tapering tip inserted through a larger outer dilator, which will accept a 0.035/0.038-inch guidewire.



Tip


Remember to remove the inner dilator to allow insertion of the 0.035-inch wire.





Know what to ask for


Vascular access sets


Mini-access set


This set is usually used for vascular access and has an inner 3F dilator and an outer 4F dilator. This permits introduction of the 0.035-inch wire.


Pedal access kit


This is very similar but has been specifically designed to help access the smallest of vessels. The needle is only 4 cm long and this makes back bleeding more obvious when the lumen has been accessed. The pedal access kit comes with a 0.021-inch wire, the coaxial dilator has an outer diameter of 4F and also a removable haemostatic valve, which allows this to be converted to a 2.9–3F ‘mini-sheath’.


Non-vascular access sets


Coaxial access set (neff/accustick)


This is the one to ask for if you are performing non-vascular intervention. Not only do you get a longer puncture needle but the sheath system has an inner metal stiffener to help prevent kinking of the guidewire and support the catheters as they pass through tissues/organs into deeper structures. In most of the kits, the final sheathed dilator will be at least 6F and often have a radio-opaque end-marker.


Sep 25, 2019 | Posted by in INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY | Comments Off on Essential equipment: Access kits
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