NUCLEAR MEDICINE

Esophagus cancer

Jan 3, 2021 by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE Comments Off on Esophagus cancer

Introduction Esophageal cancer (EC) is the sixth leading cause of cancer death worldwide and is responsible for 400,000 new cases (4.9% of all cancers) cancer deaths annually. The incidence of…

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Head and neck

Jan 3, 2021 by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE Comments Off on Head and neck

Introduction Radiation therapy, whether used as definitive treatment or as an adjuvant to surgery, is an essential component of treatment for many patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Both…

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Proton therapy for hematologic malignancies

Jan 3, 2021 by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE Comments Off on Proton therapy for hematologic malignancies

Introduction As early as the 1970s, proton therapy was considered a promising treatment for hematologic malignancies, specifically for use in total nodal irradiation, the historic standard of care treatment for…

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Physics quality assurance

Jan 3, 2021 by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE Comments Off on Physics quality assurance

Introduction This chapter describes the physics quality assurance (QA) program for the proton pencil beam scanning (PBS) gantry of the Hitachi ProBeat machine (Hitachi America, Ltd., Tarrytown, NY) at the…

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Gastrointestinal

Jan 3, 2021 by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE Comments Off on Gastrointestinal

Introduction Proton beam radiation (PBR) has the potential to improve the therapeutic ratio in the treatment of several gastrointestinal malignancies by decreasing the dose to nontarget critical structures. In general,…

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Proton therapy for gynecologic malignancies

Jan 3, 2021 by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE Comments Off on Proton therapy for gynecologic malignancies

Introduction Each year more than 90,000 women are diagnosed with a gynecologic (ovarian, vulvar, vaginal, cervical, uterine, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal) cancer in the United States. Radiotherapy is often…

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Proton radiotherapy for breast cancer

Jan 3, 2021 by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE Comments Off on Proton radiotherapy for breast cancer

Introduction Numerous planning studies demonstrate superior dosimetry for proton radiotherapy compared with photon-based radiotherapy for breast cancers of all stages, even compared with intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Protons can reduce dose to…

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