CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING

Abdominal Aorta and Branches

Aug 7, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Abdominal Aorta and Branches

The abdominal aorta and its primary branches are involved in many diseases and conditions that affect large and medium-sized arteries. Traditional evaluation of the abdominal aorta relied on catheter aortography;…

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Valves: Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Aug 7, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Valves: Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Echocardiography is the primary imaging method for the evaluation of patients suspected of having valvular dysfunction because this modality is relatively inexpensive, fast, and available in most hospitals. Its temporal…

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Vascular Anomalies

Aug 7, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Vascular Anomalies

The current classification of vascular anomalies into vascular tumors and vascular malformations and their subtypes has been used by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) since…

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Deep Venous Thrombosis

Aug 7, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Deep Venous Thrombosis

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important worldwide clinical entity. It includes asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT), symptomatic DVT, and pulmonary embolism (PE). Each year, DVT and PE affect 1 to…

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Upper Extremity Arteries

Aug 7, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Upper Extremity Arteries

Upper extremity arteries are affected by a myriad of vascular disorders. Atherosclerosis is the most common arterial disease, but other conditions, such as vasculitis, chronic repetitive traumatic injuries, and trauma,…

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Carotid and Vertebral Arteries

Aug 7, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Carotid and Vertebral Arteries

Noninvasive imaging of the carotid and vertebral arteries is achieved with duplex ultrasonography, computed tomography angiography (CTA), and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). This chapter focuses on pearls and pitfalls of…

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Venous Insufficiency

Aug 7, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is defined as retrograde blood flow in the venous system resulting from incompetence of the venous valves. It is the most common pathologic process affecting the venous system….

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