CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING

Hilar Enlargement

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Hilar Enlargement

Abstract The proximal right and left pulmonary arteries and proximal bronchi account for the appearance of the hila on the chest x-ray, but the arteries are crossed by the pulmonary…

read more

Middle Mediastinal Mass

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Middle Mediastinal Mass

Abstract Middle mediastinal masses are usually recognized by alteration of normal mediastinal contours that may be closely related to the trachea, esophagus, great vessels, and lymph nodes. Lymphadenopathy is a…

read more

Diffuse Air Space Opacities

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Diffuse Air Space Opacities

Abstract Diffuse bilateral confluent air space opacities with air bronchograms may result from alveolar edema, pneumonia, or hemorrhage. Associated findings such as cardiac enlargement and pleural effusions help confirm the…

read more

Posterior Mediastinal Mass

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Posterior Mediastinal Mass

Abstract Neural tumors are the most common primary tumors in the posterior mediastinum, but metastases, lymphoma, and primary bone tumors do occur in this location. Vertebral fractures often have associated…

read more

Widening of the Mediastinum

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Widening of the Mediastinum

Abstract Widening of the mediastinum is a common observation that may be related to patient body habitus or atherosclerotic dilatation of the aorta and great vessels, but there may also…

read more

Anterior Mediastinal Mass

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Anterior Mediastinal Mass

Abstract Anterior mediastinal masses are detectable on chest x-rays when they distort the normal mediastinal contours or fill the retrosternal clear space on the lateral view. CT is often required…

read more

Shift of the Mediastinum

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Shift of the Mediastinum

Abstract Shift of the mediastinum indicates an imbalance of intrathoracic pressures. The mass effect of a large pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or intrathoracic mass will shift the mediastinum away from the…

read more

Elevated Diaphragm

Jun 12, 2019 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Elevated Diaphragm

Abstract Elevation of the diaphragm may be the result of low lung volume, but apparent asymmetric elevation of a hemidiaphragm requires an explanation and may be the result of abdominal…

read more
Premium Wordpress Themes by UFO Themes