Ureteral Trauma

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Ureteral Trauma

Ureteral Trauma Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR Key Facts Terminology Injury of ureter from blunt, penetrating, or iatrogenic trauma Imaging Best imaging tools: CECT with CT urography for global view…

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Pseudomembranous Colitis (Clostridium Difficile)

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Pseudomembranous Colitis (Clostridium Difficile)

Pseudomembranous Colitis (Clostridium Difficile) R. Brooke Jeffrey, MD Key Facts Terminology Synonyms: Antibiotic colitis, Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) colitis Acute inflammation of colon caused by toxins produced by C. difficile…

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Retroperitoneal Lymphocele

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Retroperitoneal Lymphocele

Retroperitoneal Lymphocele Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR Key Facts Imaging Low-density pelvic or retroperitoneal fluid collection in postoperative patient Along iliac vessels, paraaortic retroperitoneum, inguinal area Unilocular or multilocular; round…

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Accelerated Degeneration

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Accelerated Degeneration

Accelerated Degeneration Jeffrey S. Ross, MD Key Facts Terminology Accelerated degeneration of disc space/facets at level(s) adjacent to surgical fusion Imaging Degenerative disc/facet changes directly above or below fusion Also…

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Flat Back Syndrome

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Flat Back Syndrome

Flat Back Syndrome Lubdha M. Shah, MD Key Facts Terminology Loss of lumbar lordosis after lumbar or scoliosis distraction instrumentation, vertebral fracture, ankylosing spondylitis, degenerative disease Sagittal imbalance with center…

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Hardware Failure

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Hardware Failure

Hardware Failure Lubdha M. Shah, MD Key Facts Terminology Mechanical breakdown or malfunction of hardware Imaging Fractured or malpositioned metallic implant Lucency ± sclerosis along implant or at vertebral body-graft…

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Instability

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Instability

Instability Jeffrey S. Ross, MD Key Facts Terminology Loss of spine motion segment stiffness, when applied force produces greater displacement than normal, with pain/deformity Imaging Deformity, which increases with motion…

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rhBMP-2 Complications

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on rhBMP-2 Complications

rhBMP-2 Complications Jeffrey S. Ross, MD Key Facts Terminology Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) Used in surgery to decrease time of graft union and to reduce morbidity from…

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Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Jeffrey S. Ross, MD Key Facts Terminology Hemorrhage into spinal subarachnoid space from variety of etiologies Trauma (> 50%) Aneurysmal SAH with spinal extension Spinal arteriovenous malformations Tumor…

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Disc Space Infection

Sep 22, 2016 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Disc Space Infection

Disc Space Infection Lubdha M. Shah, MD Key Facts Terminology Bacterial suppurative infection of vertebrae and intervertebral disc Imaging Ill-defined hypointense T1 vertebral marrow with loss of endplate definition on…

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