Tumors of the Sellar Region

Tumors of the Sellar Region

Adamantinomatous Craniopharyngioma

Definition: Adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma is a benign, cystic and solid, epithelial tumor arising from embryonic remnants of the Rathke pouch epithelium.

Epidemiology: This tumor accounts for 1.2% to 4.6% of all intracranial tumors with bimodal age distribution.

Molecular and genetic profile: Catenin beta 1(CTNNB1) mutations and aberrant nuclear expression of beta-catenin in up to 95% of cases are seen.

Clinical features and standard therapy: Prominent cystic components of adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma are often multiloculated and multicompartmental, rendering complete surgical removal difficult, as is the infiltrative growth of the solid component. Recurrence is common when there is residual tumor after the initial surgery, and both chemotherapy and radiation therapies are largely ineffective.