Large vestibular schwannoma – delayed postoperative radiosurgery for growing residual

SKULL BASE REGION Cerebellopontine angle/internal auditory canal
PERTINENT LABORATORY FINDINGS Pretreatment audiogram: Class B hearing with word recognition scores at 65% and pure tone average of 40 dB in the left ear; normal right hearing

Case description

The patient was a 33-year-old woman who noted difficulty with balance and progressive left-sided facial numbness and hearing loss over several months. She underwent a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium contrast, revealing an exceptionally large enhancing tumor in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) ( Figure 8.39.1 ). There was associated mass effect on the pons and cerebellum with parenchymal distortion but without edema or hydrocephalus. An audiogram showed mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss, with word recognition at 65% ( Figure 8.39.2 ). Neurological examination revealed mild numbness in the left V2 distribution and slight imbalance with tandem walking. She had no history of vertigo or facial weakness.

Figure 8.39.1.

Pretreatment MRI with gadolinium demonstrating a left-sided 4.3-cm homogeneously contrast-enhancing mass in the CPA most consistent with vestibular schwannoma. CPA, Cerebellopontine angle.

Figure 8.39.2.

Pretreatment audiogram of the left ear demonstrating mild-to-moderate mid-range sensorineural hearing loss.

Due to the size and symptomatic nature of the lesion, as well as her young age, she underwent a left retrosigmoid craniotomy for aggressive, but subtotal, resection to preserve the facial nerve. Hearing could not be preserved. The tumor was confirmed to be a vestibular schwannoma (VS). Postoperative facial nerve function was House-Brackman (HB) grade II but returned to normal by the 3-month follow-up. She experienced altered taste involving the left tongue, as well as left nasal and ocular dryness, signifying nervus intermedius dysfunction, all of which improved at 3 months. Postoperative MRI revealed a 6-mm plaque of tumor along the facial nerve ( Figure 8.39.3 ). This residual tumor subsequently demonstrated growth at 3.5 years ( Figure 8.39.4 ), necessitating treatment with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) ( Figure 8.39.5 ).

Apr 6, 2024 | Posted by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY | Comments Off on Large vestibular schwannoma – delayed postoperative radiosurgery for growing residual

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