The Value of Standards for Detection of Radioactive Materials


ANSI/IEEE standards

IEC standards

ANSI/IEEE N42.32

IEC 62401

Performance criteria for alarming personal radiation detectors for homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – alarming personal radiation devices (PRD) for detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive material

ANSI/IEEE N42.33

IEC 62533

Portable radiation detection instrumentation for homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – highly sensitive hand-held instruments for photon detection of radioactive material

ANSI/IEEE N42.34

IEC 62327

Performance criteria for hand-held instruments for the detection and identification for radionuclides

Radiation protection instrumentation – hand-held instruments for the detection and identification of radionuclides and for the indication of ambient dose equivalent rate from photon radiation

ANSI/IEEE N42.35

IEC 62244

Evaluation and performance of radiation detection Portal monitors for use in homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – installed radiation monitors for the detection of radioactive and special nuclear materials at national borders

ANSI/IEEE N42.38

IEC 62484

Performance criteria for spectroscopy-based portal monitors used for homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – spectroscopy-based portal monitors used for the detection and identification of illicit trafficking of radioactive material

ANSI/IEEE N42.42

IEC 62755

American national standard data format for radiation detectors used for homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – data format for radiation instruments used in the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive materials

ANSI/IEEE N42.43

IEC 62534

Performance criteria for mobile and transportable radiation monitors used for homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – highly sensitive hand-held instruments for neutron detection of radioactive material

ANSI/IEEE N42.48

IEC 62618

Performance requirements for Spectroscopic Personal Radiation Detectors (SPRDs) for homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – Spectroscopy-based alarming Personal Radiation Detectors (SPRD) for the detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive material

ANSI/IEEE N42.53

IEC 62694

Performance criteria for backpack based radiation detection systems used for homeland security

Radiation protection instrumentation – Backpack-type radiation detector (BRD) for detection of illicit trafficking of radioactive material

ANSI/IEEE N42.49A
 
American national standard for performance criteria for alarming electronic Personal Emergency Radiation Detectors (PERDs) for exposure control



The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed different types of radioactive sources to test radiation detection systems addressed in several of these standard documents [1, 2]. The sources were designed with different objectives in mind. Some of these sources are currently commercially available with the activity values (in units of Bq) required in the standards traceable to the national standard held at NIST [1].



19.3 Document Standards Development Organizations


Document standards can be developed by different groups and organizations. Different development groups may have different focuses and needs depending on the users they represent. Some groups concentrate more on the performance requirements of a particular type of instrument, while others provide guidance for testing, use or calibration of instruments. Standards can also be developed to define specific design requirements for instruments. These groups and organizations include professional societies, trade associations, testing and certification organizations as well as national or international standards development organizations (e.g., IEC, ANSI, IEEE). The following list provides examples of such standards organizations that developed document standards for radiation detection instruments (not all inclusive):



  • ANSI: American National Standard Institute


  • ASTM: American Standards for Testing and Materials


  • DOD: Department of Defense


  • HPS: Health Physics Society


  • IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency


  • IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission


  • IEEE: Institute for Electrical and Electromechanical Engineers


  • ISO: International Standards Organization

The standards organizations such as ANSI or IEC have different committees under which standards are developed. The standards listed in Table 19.1 were developed under the ANSI Standards N42 Committee on Radiation Instrumentation [3] and the IEC Technical Committee 45 Subcommittee B Working Group B15 (TC45B WGB15) [4].

Aug 27, 2016 | Posted by in NUCLEAR MEDICINE | Comments Off on The Value of Standards for Detection of Radioactive Materials
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