Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous


B SCAN (OPHTHALMIC SONOGRAPHY)


Usually done by high-frequency probes up to 10 MHz. Recently, high-resolution B-scan probes of 20–50 MHz have been manufactured for detailed anatomic resolution of the anterior segment (Figure 43.1).


Done for imaging various ocular and orbital pathologies.


Main method is mainly contact method in which the probe is placed directly on the closed eyelid after applying gel. Patient’s eye is deviated to right, left, and all directions of gaze to observe the motion of intraocular structures.


Image


Figure 43.1 Normal B scan illustrating normal anatomy.


Transverse position of the probe delineates the lateral extent of the pathology and longitudinal position determines its radial extent.


Doppler should be used for added information.


Anatomy


Lens—Bright, highly reflective


Membranes (sclera, choroid, and retina)—Highly reflective


Vitreous—Anechoic


Optic nerve—Wedge-shaped hypoechoic in retrobulbar region


Extra ocular muscles—Hypoechoic


Inferior rectus is the thinnest and superior rectus—Levator palpebrae superior is the thickest. Inferior oblique is usually not visualized except in pathological conditions.


Both the eyes should be examined for comparison.


Indications

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Nov 6, 2018 | Posted by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY | Comments Off on Miscellaneous
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