Pelvis: Ischium and Pubic Bones


Pelvis: Ischium and Pubic Bones

Table 5.21 Pelvis: widening (diastasis) of the pubic symphysis





Separation of the medial ends of the pubic bones.

A second pelvic fracture is usually present to complete a break through the pelvic ring.

Osteitis pubis

Lysis of the pubic symphysis and marginal sclerosis during healing phase. Bone marrow edema in the pubis about the pubic symphysis. Increased uptake on bone scan.

Typically occurs in athletes.

Bladder exstrophy

Fig. 5.24, p. 512

Tilted iliac bone with horizontal acetabular roof. True widening of the symphysis.

DD: variants of exstrophy (cloacal, superior vesicle fissure, duplicated exstrophy), epispadias, anorectal anomalies, and urogenital anomalies.


Fig. 5.25, p. 512

Fig. 5.26, p. 512

Margins may appear eroded.

Hyperparathyroidism/renal osteodystrophy.


Lysis and erosions. Widening may be asymmetric.

DD: bacterial, tuberculosis, JIA, reactive arthritis.

Connective tissue disorders

Marfan and Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, for example.

Campomelic dysplasia

Fig. 5.14, p. 501

(see Table 5.12 )

Prune belly syndrome (Eagle-Barrett syndrome)

Flared iliac wings and wide interpubic distance.

Spectrum of congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems. Associated with other syndromes.

Cleidocranial dysplasia

Fig. 5.15a-d, p. 501

Delayed ossification of the pubis.

(see Table 5.15 )

Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia

Fig. 5.27, p. 512

Absent ossification of the pubis during infancy.

Bone dysplasia with premature osteoarthritis (OA) of the hips. Platyspondyly, short stature. No ossification of the epiphyses of the knees, talus, and calcaneus. Ovoid pear-shaped vertebra in infancy progressing to platyspondyly.

Fig. 5.24 Bladder exstrophy. A 5-month-old with diastasis of the pubic bones from bladder exstrophy.
Fig. 5.25 Metabolic. Widening of the pubic symphysis with lysis in a patient with renal osteodystrophy. Note the erosions in the ischia.
Fig. 5.26 Metabolic. Widened sacroiliac joints and pubic synchondrosis from renal osteodystrophy (arrows).
Fig. 5.27 Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia with changes at the hips and iliac bones and widening of the inferior portion of the pubic symphysis.

Table 5.22 Pelvis: flat and rotated iliac bone




Trisomy 21

Fig. 5.28

Flattened, broad pelvis with flared iliac wings, and decreased acetabular and iliac angles.

An enlarged iliac angle may be seen by fetal US in the second trimester of fetal life.

Exstrophy-epispadias complex

Wide pubic symphysis.

Spectrum of anomalies of the lower abdominal wall, bladder, anterior bony pelvis, and e xternal genitalia.

Sacral agenesis and hypoplasia

Associated abnormalities include deformities of the lower extremities and anomalies of the genitourinary tract, lower gastrointestinal tract, and spine.

Fig. 5.28 Trisomy 21 with flattened broad pelvis (flared iliac wings), six non–rib-bearing lumbar vertebral bodies (11 pairs of ribs not shown), and double bubble of duodenal atresia.

Table 5.23 Pelvis: narrow sacrosciatic notch




(see Table 5.20 )


(see Table 5.20 )

Thanatophoric dysplasia and variants

(see Table 5.20 )

Short rib-polydactyly syndrome, type I (Saldino-Noonan type)

(see Table 5.20 )

Chondroectodermal dysplasia (Ellis-van Creveld syndrome)

Short limbs, short ribs, postaxial polydactyly, and dysplastic nails and teeth. Sixty percent have congenital heart disease.

Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia

Fig. 5.29a,b

A narrow sacrosciatic notch may be seen in almost all the bone dysplasias with a small iliac bone (see Fig. 5.23 ).

Fig. 5.29a, b Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia at the hips (a) and knee (b).

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Jul 12, 2020 | Posted by in PEDIATRIC IMAGING | Comments Off on Pelvis: Ischium and Pubic Bones

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