65 Transrectal Abscess Drainage

CASE 65


Clinical Presentation


A 62-year-old female presented with fever, leukocytosis, and abdominal pain 2 weeks after undergoing low perineal resection for rectal carcinoma.



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Figure 65-1A and B Contrast-enhanced CT of the pelvis (A). Scans at two different levels showed a fluid collection in the peluic cul-de-sac (B). Folded radiolucent material in the posterior aspect of the collection represents surgical foam intentionally left in the surgical bed for hemostasis.


Radiologic Studies


Contrast-enhanced CT shows a pelvic fluid collection (Fig. 65-1) containing radiolucent material representing surgical foam, intentionally left in the operative bed for control of bleeding.


Diagnosis


Pelvic abscess.


Treatment


The patient was placed in the lateral decubitus position on the angiographic table. A transrectal ultrasound probe was inserted and used to localize the abscess (Fig. 65-2). The abscess was punctured with an 18-gauge trocar needle, the inner stylet of the needle was removed, and a 0.035-inch Amplatz wire (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) was advanced through the needle into the fluid collection (Fig. 65-3A). Once access with the wire was secured, the needle and ultrasound probe were removed over the wire. Dilatation of the tract was performed, a 10-French (F) catheter was advanced into the abscess over the wire, and the wire was removed (Fig. 65-3B). The catheter was secured with tape to the skin and placed to bulb suction. Follow-up CT showed near-complete resolution (Fig. 65-4).



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Figure 65-2A, B, and C Transrectal ultrasound performed prior to catheter placement shows the pelvic fluid collection (A left, long; B right, long; C midline showing balloon tip of a Foley catheter in the bladder anterior to the fluid collection).



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Figure 65-3 (A) A wire was advanced into the fluid collection. (B) A 10F pigtail catheter was placed over the wire.


Equipment



  • Ultrasound with a transrectal probe (Fig. 65-5) covered with a sterile condom
  • 18-gauge coaxial needle affixed to the probe with rubber bands
  • 0.035” stiff wire (Amplatz, Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts)
  • 7- and 9F coaxial dilators (Cook, Bloomington, Indiana)
  • All-purpose drainage catheter (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts)

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Jan 8, 2016 | Posted by in INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY | Comments Off on 65 Transrectal Abscess Drainage
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