182 Chondrosarcoma

CASE 182

image Clinical Presentation

46-year-old man with chest pain and a palpable left anterior chest wall mass

image Radiologic Findings

Coned-down PA (Fig. 182.1A) and lateral (Fig. 182.1B) chest radiographs demonstrate a left anterior chest wall mass. The lesion exhibits a well-defined lobulated border with obtuse angles against the adjacent chest wall on the lateral radiograph (Fig. 182.1B) and manifests as a left mid-thoracic opacity with poorly defined margins on the frontal radiograph (Fig. 182.1A). Unenhanced chest CT (mediastinal window) (Fig. 182.1C) shows a heterogeneous left anterior chest wall mass arising at the costochondral-sternal junction with multi-focal dense, linear calcifications.


Fig. 182.1

image Diagnosis


image Differential Diagnosis

• Metastasis from Primary Chondrosarcoma or Other Primary Malignant Neoplasm

• Primitive Malignant Neuroectodermal Tumor

• Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

• Fibrosarcoma; Neurofibrosarcoma

image Discussion


Chondrosarcomas are malignant neoplasms with cartilaginous differentiation. They represent the most common primary malignant tumor of the chest wall. They typically arise in the anterior chest wall and involve the sternum or costochondral arches. Less frequently they arise in the ribs (17%) and scapulae.

Clinical Findings

Chondrosarcomas occur across a wide age range but typically affect patients between the ages of 30 and 60 years. Most tumors manifest as a palpable chest wall mass that may be painful. The lesion may grow rapidly and cause chest pain. Males are affected slightly more frequently than females (male to female ratio of 1.3:1.0).

Imaging Findings

Chest Radiography

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Jan 14, 2016 | Posted by in RESPIRATORY IMAGING | Comments Off on 182 Chondrosarcoma

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