27 Polyarteritis Nodosa


Clinical Presentation

A 54-year-old male immigrant from Eastern Europe presented with complaints of fever, abdominal pain, weight loss, and malaise. He was hypertensive, and proteinuria was found on urinalysis.


Figure 27-1 PAN. (A) Selective left renal arteriogram shows numerous microaneurysms throughout the kidney. (B) Magnified image of A. (C) Venous phase of selective right renal arteriogram in a different patient with PAN shows innumerable microaneurysms.

Radiologic Studies

The patient was referred to interventional radiology for arteriography. The right common femoral artery was punctured using the Seldinger technique and a 5-French (F) sheath was inserted. A pigtail catheter was advanced into the abdominal aorta and an aortogram was performed (not shown). The left renal artery was selectively catheterized using an RC-1 (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts) catheter, and a selective renal arteriogram was performed, which revealed numerous microaneurysms throughout the kidney (Fig. 27-1). Biopsy of the skin was then performed, showing polyarteritis nodosa (PAN).




The patient was treated with high-dose steroids and cytotoxic drugs.


Puncture needle

5F vascular sheath

5F pigtail, RC-1, RIM, and Visceral Selective-1 catheters (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts)

Contrast material



Jan 8, 2016 | Posted by in INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY | Comments Off on 27 Polyarteritis Nodosa
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