46 Combined Right Middle and Left Upper Lobe Atelectasis


image Clinical Presentation

Asthmatic child with an acute exacerbation

image Radiologic Findings

PA (Fig. 46.1A) and lateral (Fig. 46.1B) chest radiographs reveal abnormal opacities in each hemithorax. The frontal exam (Fig. 46.1) demonstrates an ill-defined left parahilar opacity silhouetting the upper left heart border. Note the absence of air bronchograms, ipsilateral mediastinal shift, and juxtaphrenic peak. This exam also shows a triangular opacity silhouetting the right heart border. The apex of this opacity is directed away from the hilum. The upper thorax on the lateral exam (Fig. 46.2) demonstrates a triangular opacity with its apex at the hilum and its base contiguous with the parietal pleura posterior to the extreme apex of the hemithorax (mediastinal wedge). Note the anterior displacement of the left oblique fissure. More inferiorly, a thin triangular opacity extends from the retrosternum toward the hilum. The horizontal fissure is displaced inferiorly and the right oblique fissure anteriorly

image Diagnosis

Combined Right Middle Lobe and Left Upper Lobe Atelectasis; Mucus Plugs


Fig. 46.1 (Images courtesy of Lakshmana Das Narla, MD, VCU Medical Center; Richmond, Virginia.)


Fig. 46.2 Contrast-enhanced chest CT (A, mediastinal window; B, lung window) of a 68-year-old woman with asthma, chronic cough, and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) reveals total collapse of the right middle and left lower lobes. Note the mucus-filled bronchi in the collapsed left lower lobe. Affected patients may suffer from asthma and often present with bronchospasm, initially episodic but later becoming more chronic (Images courtesy of Malcolm K. Sydnor, MD, VCU Medical Center; Richmond, Virginia).

image Differential Diagnosis

• Non-Neoplastic Causes of Multi-Lobar Collapse

image Mucus Plugs

image Aspirated Foreign Bodies

image Post-Infectious or Post-Inflammatory Strictures

• Neoplastic Disease

image Discussion


The double lesion

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Jan 14, 2016 | Posted by in RESPIRATORY IMAGING | Comments Off on 46 Combined Right Middle and Left Upper Lobe Atelectasis

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