88 Pulmonary Contusions


image Clinical Presentation

Young male victim of a gunshot wound to the right chest

image Radiologic Findings

AP chest X-ray (Fig. 88.1A) demonstrates extensive right upper lobe air space disease. Metallic shrapnel fragments follow a path from the mid-clavicle to the first intercostal space and continue over the fractured third to fifth posterior ribs to a retained bullet over T4-T5. Foci of subcutaneous air overlie the right coracoid process. Axial (Figs. 88.1B, 88.1C) and coronal (Fig. 88.1D) chest CT (lung window) through the right upper lobe show the ground glass with acinar opacities and consolidation to better advantage. Note the comminuted rib fractures and subcutaneous air. A chest tube has been placed.

image Diagnosis

Pulmonary Contusion


Fig. 88.1

image Differential Diagnosis


image Discussion


Pulmonary contusion is equivalent to a bruise of the lung that leads to edema and blood accumulation in alveolar spaces and loss of normal lung function. Pulmonary contusions are the most common pulmonary injury after blunt thoracic trauma and are present in 17–70% of patients with severe chest trauma.


Stay updated, free articles. Join our Telegram channel

Jan 14, 2016 | Posted by in RESPIRATORY IMAGING | Comments Off on 88 Pulmonary Contusions

Full access? Get Clinical Tree

Get Clinical Tree app for offline access