43 Ewing’s Sarcoma


Ewing’s Sarcoma

George Nomikos, Anthony G. Ryan, Peter L. Munk, and Mark Murphey

Clinical Presentation

A skeletally immature patient presented with a rapidly enlarging calf mass.


Figure 43A


Figure 43B


Figure 43C

Radiologic Findings

An anteroposterior radiograph (Fig. 43A) of the proximal lower leg shows a poorly marginated area of permeative bone destruction as well as mild sclerosis involving the proximal fibular diaphysis. Note the marked cortical destruction. No mineralized matrix is identified. Also note the aggressive periosteal reaction along the diaphysis adjacent to the area of cortical destruction.

A T1-weighted MRI (Fig. 43B) shows a large destructive mass arising from the proximal fibular diaphysis with formation of a large soft-tissue component. There is marrow replacement in the fibular shaft extending into the metaphysis. There is no evidence of extension across the physis. There is diffuse and heterogeneous enhancement of the mass after intravenous contrast administration (Fig. 43C).


Ewing’s sarcoma.

Differential Diagnosis

  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)
  • Lymphoma
  • Leukemia
  • Langerhans’ cell histiocytosis
  • Osteomyelitis (acute, bacterial)



Feb 14, 2016 | Posted by in MUSCULOSKELETAL IMAGING | Comments Off on 43 Ewing’s Sarcoma
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