PEDIATRIC IMAGING

Neuromuscular Diseases

Jan 10, 2017 by in PEDIATRIC IMAGING Comments Off on Neuromuscular Diseases

Cerebral palsy Location Common musculoskeletal imaging abnormalities Comment Spine Long C-shaped thoracolumbar scoliosis with pelvic obliquity, elongated vertebral bodies, increased thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis Early detection and treatment may prevent…

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Soft Tissue Masses

Jan 10, 2017 by in PEDIATRIC IMAGING Comments Off on Soft Tissue Masses

Usual course: 8–10 months of rapid growth shortly after birth followed by involution US High vascular density (5 vessels/cm2) Many surrounding vessels have low-resistance waveforms Usually hypoechoic and well defined…

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The Pelvis and Hip: Acquired Disorders

Jan 10, 2017 by in PEDIATRIC IMAGING Comments Off on The Pelvis and Hip: Acquired Disorders

Fig. 12.1 Intertrochanteric fracture in a 15-year-old girl whose leg tangled in a swing as she fell. The fracture (arrow) required plate and screw fixation Femoral head dislocations are largely…

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Musculoskeletal Infection

Jan 10, 2017 by in PEDIATRIC IMAGING Comments Off on Musculoskeletal Infection

Radiography:  Early: deep soft tissue swelling  Mid: cortical fraying  Late: moth eaten MRI: positive 2 days after symptoms  Overestimates extent  T1 wide zone of transition  Cortical destruction and periosteal elevation…

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