Spectrum of Findings

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Spectrum of Findings

Figure 10-3. Incomplete tear at the musculotendinous junction of the pectoralis major. [A] Positioning of the probe. [B] Corresponding 12-5 MHz US image depicts an incomplete tear (asterisks) located at…

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Pathogenesis

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Pathogenesis

Figure 1-4. Acromion shape on coronal plane. Schematic drawing of a coronal view of the shoulder. To define lateral acromial angulation, a line is drawn through the mid-substance of the…

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Anatomy and Function

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Anatomy and Function

    The insertions of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons have been further described as a five-layer structure (table 1-2).4 Layer two comprises the main portion of the tendons, though…

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Scapulothoracic Joint

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Scapulothoracic Joint

Figure 5-38. The two constant bursae at the STJ. Schematic drawing of a superior view of the left shoulder. The supraserratus bursa (ssb) is located between the serratus anterior (sa)…

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Sonographic Technique

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Sonographic Technique

Figure 1-10. Subscapularis tendon. [A] Positioning of the probe. [B] Corresponding long-axis 12-5 MHz US image shows the subscapularis tendon as a hyperechoic fibrillar structure (arrowheads) located deep to the…

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Spectrum of Sonographic Findings

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Spectrum of Sonographic Findings

Figure 8-2. Thickening of the proximal coracohumeral ligament. [A] Positioning of the probe. [B] Corresponding 12-5 MHz US image depicts hypoechoic thickening of the coracohumeral ligament (arrowheads). This finding is…

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Pitfalls

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Pitfalls

Figure 1-72. Multipennate subscapularis muscle. [A] Short-axis 12-5 MHz US image shows normal multipennate subscapularis muscle (arrowheads). [B] Corresponding sagittal T1-weighted MRI confirms normal anatomy (arrowheads).     Figure 1-73….

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Spectrum of Sonographic Findings

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Spectrum of Sonographic Findings

Figure 7-2. Os acromiale. [A] Positioning of the probe. [B] Corresponding 12-5 MHz US image shows a double acromioclavicular joint, corresponding to the acromion-OA (asterisk) and OA-clavicle (asterisks) joints.  Although…

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Anatomy and Function

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Anatomy and Function

Figure 10-1. The three heads of the pectoralis major muscle. Schematic drawing of an anterior view of the left pectoralis major muscle.  Red= clavicular head. Green= sternal head. Yellow= abdominal…

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Sonographic Technique

Jan 21, 2017 by in ULTRASONOGRAPHY Comments Off on Sonographic Technique

Figure 10-2. Pectoralis major tendon. [A] Positioning of the probe. [B] Corresponding 12-5 MHz US image depicts the typical fibrillar appearance of the tendon (arrowheads). Gt= greater tuberosity. Lt= lesser…

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