Normal Anatomy of the Lungs

Jul 5, 2021 by in CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING Comments Off on Normal Anatomy of the Lungs

▪ Introduction The lungs incorporate the parenchyma, vasculature, bronchial tree (trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles), and a network of investing connective tissue that supports and connects the structures to one another….

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Cystic adnexal lesions

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Cystic adnexal lesions

Anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology The term adnexa includes the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, and their ligamentous attachments in the female pelvis. The fallopian tubes ◼ The fallopian tubes are paired tubular…

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Abdominal/pelvic trauma

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Abdominal/pelvic trauma

Anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology ◼ Injuries depend upon patient composition, blunt versus penetrating injury, mechanism of injury, and strength of forces. ◼ Blunt trauma etiologies: motor vehicle crash, falls, assault, and…

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Müllerian abnormalities

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Müllerian abnormalities

Anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology ◼ After the sixth week of gestation, in the absence of a Y chromosome, the paired Müllerian (paramesonephric) ducts begin to form in female neonates. ◼ Over…

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Focal uterine lesions

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Focal uterine lesions

Anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology The uterus is a thick-walled muscular organ of the female reproductive system that lies in the true pelvis posterior to the bladder and anterior to the rectosigmoid…

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Prostate imaging

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Prostate imaging

Anatomy, embryology, and pathophysiology ◼ The prostate is a cone-shaped exocrine gland located inferior to the bladder and anterior to the rectum. It surrounds the uppermost segment of the urethra…

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Testicular lesions

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Testicular lesions

Anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology ◼ The testes, the principal male reproductive organs, are located within the scrotal sac, and surrounded by a thick layer of fibrous capsule and the tunica albuginea…

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Postoperative imaging

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Postoperative imaging

Techniques Plain radiography Plain radiographs are often used in the postoperative abdomen to evaluate lines and tubes, bowel gas pattern, retained foreign bodies, and the presence of pneumoperitoneum. Fluoroscopy Fluoroscopic…

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Pitfalls

Jun 13, 2021 by in GASTROINTESTINAL IMAGING Comments Off on Pitfalls

Anatomic variants ◼ Accessory spleen: very common. Typically near spleen. Can be intrapancreatic. Can be mistaken for a mass. Should look like spleen on all imaging sequences. ◼ Duplicated renal…

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