Renal Neoplasms

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Renal Neoplasms

Contrast Oral (750 mL of water) and intravenous contrast (120 mL) Noncontrast images ST: 5 mm RT: 0.5 s SA: Top of the liver to bottom of the kidneys Corticomedullary…

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Vascular Disorders of the Kidney

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Vascular Disorders of the Kidney

Atherosclerosis 60–90 % Age >50 Common in male Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) 10–30 % Age 20–50 Common in female Others (rare) <10 % Common in female Vasculitis Takayasu’s arteritis Polyarteritis nodosa…

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Renal Calculus Disease

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Renal Calculus Disease

Composition Frequency (%) Men Women Radiopaque stones Calcium oxalate – calcium phosphate 92.1 90.3 Struvite 1.4 5.1 Radiolucent stones Cystine 0.7 1.6 Uric acid 5.5 2.2 Others 0.3 0.7 Adapted…

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Neoplasms of the Bladder

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Neoplasms of the Bladder

Fig. 11.1 Transitional cell carcinoma. IVP shows large filling defect in the left side of the bladder (arrow). Confirmed on postoperative ­histological evaluation IVP has a low sensitivity of 25…

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Neoplasms of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Neoplasms of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter

Epithelial tumors Benign Malignant  Urothelial papilloma and inverted papilloma Urothelial carcinoma (transitional cell carcinoma)  Squamous papilloma Squamous cell carcinoma  Villous adenoma Adenocarcinoma Nonepithelial tumors Benign stromal tumors Malignant stromal tumors…

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Inflammatory Conditions of the Kidney

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Inflammatory Conditions of the Kidney

Renal enlargement Decreased or increased parenchymal echogenicity Minimal dilatation of renal pelvis Loss of normal corticomedullary differentiation Focal, poorly defined mass with variable echogenicity Fig. 2.1 Complicated acute bacterial pyelonephritis…

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Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

A. Nongenetic renal cysts 1. Simple cyst 2. Complex cyst 3. Multicystic dysplastic kidney 4. Cystic neoplasia 5. Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) B. Genetic cystic renal diseases 1. Autosomal dominant…

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Neoplasms of the Urethra

Oct 8, 2016 by in GENITOURINARY IMAGING Comments Off on Neoplasms of the Urethra

Fig. 14.1 Male patient. Carcinoma of the bulbous urethra. (a) Voiding cystourethrography shows an irregular stenosis (arrowheads) at the level of the bulbous urethra with marked dilatation of the posterior…

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