18 Craniofacial

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 18 Craniofacial

10.1055/b-0036-138091 18 Craniofacial 18.1 Introduction Acquired and congenital craniofacial abnormalities can be intimidating because of the complex anatomy and apparent overlap of the clinical and imaging features of many of…

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9 Seizures

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 9 Seizures

10.1055/b-0036-138082 9 Seizures 9.1 Introduction Seizures are a common neurologic finding in children, with approximately 400,000 children in the United States having epilepsy. In addition to patients with documented seizures…

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11 Hydrocephalus

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 11 Hydrocephalus

10.1055/b-0036-138084 11 Hydrocephalus 11.1 Introduction Hydrocephalus is the pathologic accumulation of excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the head, typically within the ventricular system and typically with increased intraventricular pressure. It…

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10 Infection and Inflammation

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 10 Infection and Inflammation

10.1055/b-0036-138083 10 Infection and Inflammation 10.1 Introduction Inflammatory conditions of both infectious and noninfectious origin can result in neurologic symptoms and have a variety of appearances on imaging. The appearances…

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12 Vascular Abnormalities

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 12 Vascular Abnormalities

10.1055/b-0036-138085 12 Vascular Abnormalities 12.1 Introduction The intracranial vasculature can have congenital and acquired abnormalities that result in injury to the brain parenchyma. Understanding the normal anatomy of the intracranial…

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16 Skull Base and Cranial Nerves

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 16 Skull Base and Cranial Nerves

10.1055/b-0036-138089 16 Skull Base and Cranial Nerves 16.1 Introduction The cranial nerves have a critical role in neurologic function, and have an intimate relationship with the skull base. Abnormalities in…

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15 Skull and Scalp

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 15 Skull and Scalp

10.1055/b-0036-138088 15 Skull and Scalp 15.1 Introduction The brain is a critical organ for survival. Protection of the brain from physical injury is primarily provided by its osseous and soft…

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13 Sella Turcica/Pineal Gland

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10.1055/b-0036-138086 13 Sella Turcica/Pineal Gland 13.1 Introduction Both the pituitary gland and pineal gland are small structures that can have a variety of rare normal and abnormal conditions that can…

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14 Metabolic Disorders

May 28, 2020 by in NEUROLOGICAL IMAGING Comments Off on 14 Metabolic Disorders

10.1055/b-0036-138087 14 Metabolic Disorders 14.1 Introduction Metabolic disorders are relatively rare conditions, but collectively and in most large pediatric centers are fairly frequent considerations in differential diagnosis. Findings on clinical…

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