Radiation Proctopathy

Apr 7, 2017 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Radiation Proctopathy

Fig. 9.1 Rectal Telangiectasia Density (RTD) grading scale. (The highest grade visualized during endoscopic evaluation with colonic lumen in view represents the RTD grade of the patient). Adapted from Chi…

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Role of Radiation in Rectal Cancers

Apr 7, 2017 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Role of Radiation in Rectal Cancers

Fig. 3.1 Scheme demonstrates conventional neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy regimen. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation regimen including cycles of bolus 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and leucovorin administered every 21 days including during the “resting” period after radiation…

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Acute and Chronic Radiation Enteropathy

Apr 7, 2017 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Acute and Chronic Radiation Enteropathy

Fig. 8.1 Histopathology revealing gastritis with foveolar hyperplasia, vascular ectasia, granulation tissue, and scattered yttrium 90 selective internal radiation microspheres. Risk Factors Some patients have increased susceptibility to radiation enteropathy….

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Surgical Management of Radiation-Induced Intestinal Injury

Apr 7, 2017 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Surgical Management of Radiation-Induced Intestinal Injury

Imaging Endoscopy Plain abdominal films Flexible proctosigmoidoscopy Computed tomography (CT) Colonoscopy Positron emission computerized tomography (PET-CT) Endoscopic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – Imaging Plain abdominal films can…

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The Management of Radiation Cystitis

Apr 7, 2017 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on The Management of Radiation Cystitis

  Grade 0 1 2 3 4 Early Symptom complex No change Frequency of urination or nocturia twice pretreatment habit/dysuria, urgency not requiring medication Frequency of urination or nocturia that…

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Radiation Cystitis: Acute and Chronic

Apr 7, 2017 by in GENERAL RADIOLOGY Comments Off on Radiation Cystitis: Acute and Chronic

Fig. 7.1 a and b Cystoscopic view of radiation cystitis Normal bladder urothelium consists of several layers of polyhedral (transitional) cells divided into three main layers from surface to base:…

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